ARAGVADHA (CASSIA FISTULA LINN.): A PHYTO-PHARMACOLOGICAL REVIEW
Keywords:aragvadha, Cassia fistula Linn, Ayurveda
In recent years interest in medicinal plants has increased considerably. Descriptions of such plants in ancient texts are in meticulous detail, but it is in scattered form. Even though in nighantus, we found limited details. To get knowledge about any medicinal plant, there is a need to go through all available texts of Ayurveda. Cassia fistula Linn. has been popular as a common drug of choice for Ayurvedic physicians from ancient time due to its various therapeutic properties like laxative, antibacterial, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, smooth muscle stimulant, hepato-protective, analgesic, hypoglycemic, anticancer, abortifacient, anticolic, antifertility, estrogenic, etc. useful in the management of diseases like kushtha (skin diseases), hridroga (cardiac problems), vatarakta (gout), raktapitta (blood disorders), madhumeha (diabetes mellitus), visarpa (herpes), jvara (febrile conditions), etc. It is found in over all India, especially in Himalayan tract and outer Himalaya, in Kumaon, abundant in forest tracts throughout upper gangectic plain of Bengal, central India, and deciduous forests of south India. Its extract mainly contains alkaloids, resins, flavonids, rhein glycoside, fisulic acid. Considering its therapeutic importance, a review has been done under different aspects of aragvadha (Cassia fistula Linn.). Beside references from Ayurvedic classical texts, this article includes recent researches carried out regarding this plant for its clinical and pharmacological evaluation.
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