CRITICAL REVIEW ON RATIO OF INGREDIENTS IN MALAHARA KALPANA (AYURVEDIC OINTMENTS)
Keywords:malahara, Ointment, cream, ayurveda, herbal topical medcines
Pharmaceutical processing of malahara (ayurvedic ointments) requires basically three ingredients, an oil base, a binding material and ingredients in powder form. Usually tila taila (sesame oil) is used as oily base. As a binding material, madhuchistha, ghrita, gandhapiroja, rala and shatadhautha ghrita are used. In modern pharmaceutical industries vaseline, paraffin, animal fats are used for preparation for ointments. As the ingredient herbal and mineral drugs in powder form are used in malahara formulation. However there is no fixed ratio for the base and ingredients mentioned in the preparation of malahara. An attempt has been made in this work, to review the ratio of ingredients and the base used in malahara. A detailed search was carried out to collect information from both print and electronic media. As a result of the study it is found that ratio of sikthataila, madhuchista,taila and churna of drugs varies from one malahara to the other. If siktha taila is used as a base then the ratio of siktha taila and drug varies from 2.4:1 to 48:1. If madhuchista is used as a base in malahara the ratio of madhuchista and drug varies from 2:1 to 4:1. If taila is used in malahara the ratio of taila and drug varies from 1:1/2 to 10:1.
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