ROLE OF AYURVEDA IN MANAGEMENT OF LIFESTYLE DISORDERS OF NETRA
Keywords:Netra rakshana, kriyakalpa, Preventive Ophthalmology, Lifestyle disorders.
Advanced lifestyle and environmental changes have serious impact on eye health. It has been reported that prevalence is suffering from lifestyle based eye problems. Example Chronic smoking cataract (64%) followed by Dry eye (55%), ARMD (19%), Glaucoma (9%) and graves ophthalmopathy (1.7%). Usage of electronic gadgets, smoking, alcohol, workplace environment and pollution are the causative factors for various eye related problems. Though these conditions are preventable by avoiding causative factor, this kind of lifestyle are inevitable in the present competitive world. Smoking is consistently associated with nuclear cataract. Computer vision Syndrome is one such syndrome which is characterized by headache, neck pain, eye strain, dry eye, loss of vision, burning eyes, light sensitivity and distorted vision. Heavy alcohol consumption is related to an increased risk of age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy. There is an association between alcohol consumption and glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure). Hence prevention of ocular disorders is essential. Ayurveda has given prime importance to eyes among all sense organs. Various netra rakshasa upaya have been explained in Ayurveda classics viz dinacharya, ritucharya, sadvritaa, yoga and pathyapathya. Acharya Sushruta in Uttartantra explained in detail about the initial symptoms (Purvaroopa Avastha) and its treatment modalities. Nidana-Parivarjana and Various Kriyakalpa are also important for the maintenance of good ocular health. This work is a review of preventive and management protocols of lifestyle induced ocular disorders through Ayurveda.
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