Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM) http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm <p>The <strong>Journal of Ayurveda and holistic medicine (JAHM)</strong> is a peer-reviewed, open-access international online journal on Ayurveda and allied sciences led by the Atreya Ayurveda Foundation.</p> <p>JAHM as an Inter-disciplinary Journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc. sciences, aims to inquire into the relationships between Ayurveda, bio-medicine and other alternative systems of medicines.</p> <p>The JAHM will consider any original contribution that advances Ayurvedic medical science or practice, or that enlightens and enhance the knowledge base of the journal's readers. All manuscripts contributed to JAHM are strictly scrutinized by the editorial staff and evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors. The JAHM will publish a peer-reviewed manuscript within 4 weeks of receipt.</p> <p><strong>SCOPE OF JAHM</strong></p> <p>JAHM encourages and publishes critical aspects of intellectual and scientific communication amongst contemporary health knowledge systems keeping Ayurveda at the center.</p> <p>Articles explaining and exploring principles of Ayurveda,</p> <p>Articles encouraging the evidence-based clinical practice of Ayurveda</p> <p>Articles promoting the research culture amongst the Ayurveda fraternity</p> <p>Provide a common platform for publication of research in Ayurveda</p> <p>Promote research culture among students of Ayurveda</p> <p>JAHM also appreciates researches that attempt to design new instruments to simplify the Ayurvedic pharmaceutics, quality control of Ayurvedic drugs and clinical practice of Ayurveda.</p> <p><strong>The content of JAHM will focus on three broad themes:</strong></p> <p>Theoretical Research: Fundamental Concepts, History, and Literary studies related to Ayurveda, Yoga, modern medicine and science.</p> <p>Experimental Research: Research on Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmaceutics, phytochemistry, Drug Discovery &amp; Development in herbal, herbo-mineral and mineral formulations.</p> <p>Clinical Research: clinical trials, case reports, case series, cohort and case-control studies, epidemiological and public health studies.</p> Atreya Ayurveda Publications en-US Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM) 2321-1563 <p>The author(s) will retain copyright and permit the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that permits others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the author and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>The entire contents of the JAHM are protected under Indian and international copyrights. The Journal, however, allows free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute works in any online website for any non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also permits the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.</p> <p>In case of JAHM does not publish said work, the author(s) will be so notified and all rights assigned hereunder will be given back to the author(s).</p> <p>All accepted works should not be published anywhere without prior written permission from JAHM. The author(s) hereby declare that they are sole author(s) of the work, that all authors have contributed and agree with the content and conclusions of the work, that the work is original, and does not infringe upon any copyright, propriety, or personal right of any third party, and that no part of it nor any work has been submitted to another journal.</p> Appraisal of Anti Hyperglycemic effect of Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) - A Review http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/451 <p><strong>Background: </strong>India is the second country in the world having 77 million people with Diabetes after China. An estimated 88 million adults are prediabetes, 34.5% of the U.S. adult population. According to National Urban Diabetes Survey, the estimated prevalence of prediabetes is 14 per cent in India. Prediabetes is a serious health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal (hyperglycemia), but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as diabetes.&nbsp; In Ayurveda Prediabetes and Diabetes Mellitus has been described in the context of Prameha/Madhumeha in which a person passes honey like (sweet) urine. <em>Kodo</em> millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is a nutritious grain popularly known as poor man’s food. Acharya Sushruta has mentioned <em>Koradusha</em> in the management of <em>Prameha</em> as <em>a Pathya Ahara</em>. <strong>Aim and objective</strong>: 1. To explore the role of Kodo millet in the management of Prediabetic and Diabetes mellitus. 2. To explore different properties of <em>kodo</em> millet in Ayurvedic and Modern point of view. <strong>Materials and methods:</strong> Ayurvedic treaties Bhrittrayi and Laghuttrayi, text books, magazines, News, previous dissertations. Electronic search was done by using PUBMED, SCOPUS, Google scholar, research gate ect. <strong>Results: </strong><em>Kodo</em> millet is rich in Phenolic compounds, Tannins, Saponins, Proteins and amino acid, fibre, magnesium, Phytic acid, polyphenols, tannin and antioxidants. According to Ayurveda <em>Kodo</em> contain <em>Madhura Kashaya rasa, Katu vipaka, Sheeta virya, Lekhana, Shoshana </em>properties which further leads to <em>Kleda shoshana</em> i.e. absorption of <em>kleda</em> and controls <em>Madhumeha </em>or Diabetes. <strong>Conclusion</strong>: Hyperglycemia can be effectively controlled if <em>kodo</em> millet is incorporated as a daily diet in Prediabetes and Diabetes Mellitus.</p> SNEHA MADHAVI A HOWAL AMOL ASHOK DONGRE PRACHI D DALVI Copyright (c) 2021 SNEHA, MADHAVI A HOWAL, AMOL ASHOK DONGRE, PRACHI D DALVI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 Clarity over involvement of Shirahh in pakshawadha from Ayurvedic point of view w.s.r.to involvement of brain in it: A Reiview article http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/76 <p><em>Pakshaghata</em> (Stroke) is <em>VataPradhana</em> disorder which is caused by vitiated <em>Vata</em>; there are several <em>Vatavyadhis</em> described in ancient <em>Ayurvedic</em> texts among them lot of diseases might be related with neurological disorders according to their cardinal signs and symptoms. According to modern point of view an origin of neurological disorders is brain and central nervous system; but in <em>Ayuvedic</em> classics there is no any relation of <em>Vatavyadhi</em> and <em>Shirah</em> (Brain) even any clue also not mentioned regarding the relation of the same. Present article evaluate the correlation between involvement of <em>Shirah Pradesh</em>in <em>Pakshaghata</em> and other neurological disorders.</p> Dr. Shaikh Akjil Shaikh Chand Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Shaikh Akjil Shaikh Chand https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 RELEVENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF VASTHI IN THE MANAGEMENT OF COMMON RETINAL PATHOLOGIES – A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/447 <p>The concept of <em>Panchamahabhoota </em>and <em>Thridosa</em> forms basics of <em>Netraroga samprapthi</em> and <em>chikitsa</em>, Apart from <em>Kriyakalpas Panchakarmas</em> are another category of procedures which are widely used in <em>Netra rogas</em>. Although one among the <em>Panchakarma, vasti</em> is found to be least explored in <em>Netra roga chikitsa</em>. <em>Vasti karma</em> is considered as the most important procedure in fivefold <em>Panchakarma</em> therapy. It is capable of producing wide range of effects in various systemic diseases including neurological diseases. Being the specific treatment for vitiations of <em>vata dosa , Vasti</em> is said to be half of the whole treatment and sometimes complete treatment<sup>1</sup>. There are some <em>Vastis</em> which are well known to perform <em>Chakshushya</em> and <em>Rasayanaika gunas</em>. These <em>Vastis</em> can also make use in pathological conditions of <em>Netra</em> by giving considerations to involved <em>Dosas</em> and <em>Dushyas</em>. Some common pathological conditions of eye including Retinal vascular diseases, Degenerative condition and also in prevention of recurrence of certain <em>Netra rogas, Vasti</em> can be employed. Retina is <em>Asthiyasrita patala</em> and thus <em>Vata</em> is the <em>Asraya dosa,</em> thus <em>vasthi </em>plays a crucial role in the management of pathological conditions. <em>Vasti yogas</em> processed with <em>Pitha samana</em> drugs like <em>Panchatiktaka ksheera vasti</em> has Sudden action in acute hemorrahages. <em>Choorna</em> forms of <em>vasthi</em> is <em>rooksha</em> in nature and is best to relieve retinal oedema, even if <em>Agni</em> is <em>manda</em> which is found effective in central serous chorioretinopathy. Many <em>Vasthiyogas </em>are neuro protective in action and also used in clinical conditions like glaucoma, optic atrophy etc. In this article an attempt has been made to explore the various <em>Vasthi yogas</em> which can be used in retinal pathologies.</p> Sreekumar K Karunakaran Amrutha.S Sreedharan Copyright (c) 2021 Sreekumar K Karunakaran, Amrutha.S Sreedharan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 Understanding the qualities of vata in perspective to acetylcholine transmission for muscle contraction- A conceptual study http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/439 <p>Vata is the most important functional component mentioned in Ayurveda. It initiates and control the functions of kapha, pitta, the dhatu and the mala. Vata itself is asanghata, anavasthita and syambhu but help the body to perform different physiological activities because of the guna like ruksa, sita, laghu, suksma, cala, visada and khara. The guna helps in definite actions. The actions of different qualities of vata together produces gati (voluntary and involuntary movements) by contractions of skeletal and smooth types of muscle fibres present in the body. Skeletal muscle contraction occurs by development of action potential which helps in transmission of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine by series of events through nerves and muscle fiber. The qualities of vata and their actions are substantiated with the conceptual reference to acetylcholine transmission for skeletal muscle contraction.&nbsp;</p> Saumi Datta Arnab Ray Copyright (c) 2021 Saumi Datta, Arnab Ray https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 A Pilot Study on Ayurveda Management of Vulvitis http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/449 <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Abstract: </strong></p> <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Vulvitis is common among females of all age groups but remain neglected due to unawareness and private nature of pathology. The cardinal features include itching vulva, vaginal discharges, pain, renal problems and patches on vulvar region. In <em>Ayurveda</em> the <em>Acharna </em>and <em>Vipluta yonivyapad</em> has close relation with vulvitis. In present study vulvitis patients were treated by <em>Triphala kwath</em> sitz bath and lotion made of <em>Gomutra, Tankan</em> and <em>Gandhak (GTG Lotion).</em> <strong>Aims and objective: </strong>To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Triphala kwath </em>sitz bath and GTG lotion as an effective and palatable management of vulvitis. <strong>Materials and Method: </strong>10 patients from outdoor department of Stree prasuti were taken for study. Therapy includes <em>Triphala kwath</em> sitz bath for 10 minutes and GTG lotion application on vulva and medial aspect of thighs for 10 minutes once in a day. The two sittings of therapy each for 15 days at the interval of 15 days was applied for continue 2 months.&nbsp; Assessment of results was done by special grading system on subjective and objective parameter. <strong>Results: </strong>The therapy shows statistically highly significant results i.e. P&gt;.0001 in all features of vulvitis. <strong>Discussion &amp; Conclusion: </strong>The root cause of<em> Acharna </em>and <em>Vipluta</em> <em>yonivyapad </em>is unhygiene, <em>dosha dusti</em> and <em>krimi utpatti</em>.&nbsp; <em>Triphala kwath</em> and contents of GTG lotion provide promising results in vulvitis due <em>Vatakaphaghan</em> and <em>krimihar</em> i.e anti microbial properties. Thus, the <em>Ayurveda </em>therapy in form of <em>Triphala Kwath</em> sitz bath and GTG lotion application is highly effective, palatable and economical for all age group female patients of vulvitis.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Anjali Verma Anjali Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Anjali Verma Anjali https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 Mahanarayana Taila Matra Basti in Artavakshaya (oligo-hypomenorrhoea): an Open interventional Pilot Study on Ayurvedic principle http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/445 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Menstrual disorders are raising in gynecological practice which precursor infertility and other problems, so it requires more attention. Among all the menstrual disorders, <em>artavakshaya </em>can be compared to oligo-hypomenorrhoea characterized by <em>yathocitakaala adarshana</em>, <em>alpata,</em> and <em>yonivedana</em> as the <em>lakshana.</em> Ayurveda emphasizes both <em>shodhana</em> and <em>shamana </em>therapy. <em>Shodhana</em> and <em>shamana </em>therapy with<em> agnivardhaka</em> and <em>vatakaphasamaka</em> <em>dravya </em>are the treatment prescribed for <em>artavakshaya</em>. Therefore, in the present clinical study <em>matra basti </em>with<em> Mahanarayana Taila </em>is used and clinically evaluated for its efficacy. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Literature related to <em>matra Basti,</em> <em>Mahanarayana Taila,</em> <em>artavakshaya</em> in Ayurvedic texts, published research papers indexed in Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Research Gate have been reviewed for the study. A total of 20 patients of the reproductive age group fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected for the present study. The research participants were selected from OPD and IPD and treated with <em>matra Basti </em>by <em>Mahanarayana taila </em>following all aseptic measures for 08 consecutive days after the clearance of menses for 03 consecutive cycles and then 2 follow-ups at 30<sup>th</sup> day and 60<sup>th</sup> day. Assessments were done in terms of the amount of bleeding, duration of bleeding and association of pain during menstruation at a different time frame<em>.</em> Data were analyzed using statistical methods<em>. </em><strong>Result and Conclusion: </strong>The study showed that the trial drug has a significant result in reducing the severity of <em>lakshana </em>of <em>artavakshaya </em>without having any toxicity or adverse effects on the research participants.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: </strong><em>artavakshaya, </em>oligo-hypomenorrhoea, oligomenorrhoea, hypomenorrhoea, <em>matrabasti, Mahanarayana taila. </em></p> Anuradha Roy Monisha VM Copyright (c) 2021 Anuradha Roy, Dr. Monisha VM https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 MEDICO-LEGAL ASPECTS OF AYUSH HOSPITALS AND HEALTH CARE CENTRES http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/455 <p>Medico-legal aspects are of utmost importance in Medical Profession for establishment of healthcare facility. AYUSH clinics and hospitals are also of no exception to this. AYUSH sector has grown to such an extent in recent years that there are more than 4000 AYUSH Hospitals and 6,00,000 AYUSH practitioners across the country. However, due to ignorance or unfamiliarity of laws pertaining to establishment, manpower, safe medication, patient care, environment etc. of AYUSH Hospitals and Health Care Centre’s many practitioners face legal hassles and their precious professional time is compromised in rectifying the same. The article highlights the Laws, Acts, Rules and Regulations that the AYUSH practitioner should be aware of to be on the right side of the LAW.</p> Sreedhar Rao Meka Rohit Gokarn Copyright (c) 2021 Sreedhar Rao Meka, Rohit Gokarn https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4 A clinical success in Vataja Shirashoola with Rasnadi Taila Nasya and Dashamoola Kwatha – A Case Report http://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/450 <p><em>Vataja Shirashoola</em> is a most common experienced condition characterised by excruciating pain in the head. The pain is aggravated at night, and is relieved by massage, bandaging and warm regimens. Based on its clinical presentation, it can be compared to Tension type headache (TTH). It is more common in females than in males. There are many treatment modalities available for the treatment of TTH in modern medicine, viz, Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS), analgesics etc., but, it gives temporary relief only, and, the long term use of these medicines leads to some systemic complications. So, it is the need of the hour to develop a treatment protocol which is safe as well as effective. In the present case report, a 45 year old female presented with the features of <em>Vataja Shirahshoola</em>, since 5-6 months. She was treated with two sittings of <em>Nasya</em> with <em>Rasnadi Taila</em>, each sitting of 7 days, one week apart, alongwith oral administration of <em>Dashamoola Kvatha</em>, 10 ml twice daily for 30 days. This single case showed complete relief in cardinal features.</p> ANJALI DABAS Copyright (c) 2021 ANJALI DABAS https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-09-04 2021-09-04 9 4