Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM) https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm <p>The <strong>Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM)</strong> stands as a beacon within the realm of holistic healthcare, dedicated to fostering a profound understanding and appreciation of Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine rooted in the Indian subcontinent. JAHM serves as a vital conduit for intellectual discourse, scientific inquiry, and the advancement of Ayurvedic knowledge in contemporary health systems.</p> <p>At its core, JAHM encapsulates a multifaceted approach to promoting Ayurveda. It provides a platform for scholars, researchers, and practitioners to explore and elucidate the fundamental principles of Ayurveda. Through insightful articles and scholarly discourse, the journal delves into the intricate concepts of doshas, gunas, dhatus, and the holistic approach to health and wellness that underpins Ayurvedic philosophy.</p> <p>JAHM is committed to advocating evidence-based clinical practice within the Ayurvedic community. By showcasing research studies, clinical trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, the journal empowers practitioners with the latest evidence on the efficacy, safety, and applicability of Ayurvedic interventions across various health conditions. This emphasis on evidence-based practice not only enhances the credibility of Ayurveda but also ensures the delivery of optimal healthcare outcomes for patients.</p> <p>Furthermore, JAHM plays a pivotal role in nurturing a robust research culture among Ayurvedic scholars and practitioners. By providing a prestigious platform for the publication of original research, the journal encourages innovation, collaboration, and the dissemination of new insights within the Ayurvedic community. From herbal medicines to lifestyle interventions, from preventive healthcare strategies to therapeutic modalities, JAHM showcases diverse research endeavors that contribute to the evolution and refinement of Ayurvedic practice.</p> <p>In addition to its scholarly pursuits, JAHM also serves as a bridge between tradition and modernity in Ayurveda. The journal appreciates and supports efforts to modernize Ayurvedic pharmaceutics, enhance quality control standards, and innovate in clinical practice. Through its publication of research on new instruments, formulations, and quality assurance techniques, JAHM celebrates the ongoing evolution and relevance of Ayurveda in today's healthcare landscape.</p> <p><strong>The content of the Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM) is meticulously curated to encompass three overarching themes, each vital in its own right for the advancement and enrichment of Ayurvedic knowledge and practice:</strong></p> <ol> <li> <p><strong>Theoretical Research</strong>: JAHM dedicates significant space to scholarly inquiry into the theoretical foundations of Ayurveda, as well as its intersections with other disciplines such as yoga, modern medicine, and scientific paradigms. Articles within this theme delve into fundamental concepts, historical perspectives, and literary analyses that deepen our understanding of Ayurvedic philosophy and its relevance in contemporary contexts. By exploring the historical evolution and philosophical underpinnings of Ayurveda, JAHM seeks to foster a comprehensive appreciation of this ancient healing tradition.</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>Experimental Research</strong>: A cornerstone of JAHM's content lies in experimental research, which encompasses a broad spectrum of scientific investigations aimed at advancing our understanding of Ayurvedic pharmacology, pharmacognosy, pharmaceutical chemistry, and pharmaceutics. This theme encompasses studies on phytochemistry, drug discovery, and development, with a particular emphasis on herbal, herbo-mineral, and mineral formulations. By rigorously evaluating the bioactivity, safety, and efficacy of Ayurvedic remedies through experimental methodologies, JAHM contributes to the evidence base supporting their use in clinical practice.</p> </li> <li> <p><strong>Clinical Research</strong>: JAHM serves as a vital repository for clinical research findings that elucidate the practical application of Ayurvedic principles in healthcare settings. This theme encompasses a wide array of study designs, including clinical trials, case reports, case series, cohort and case-control studies, as well as epidemiological and public health investigations. By documenting clinical outcomes, therapeutic approaches, and patient experiences, JAHM facilitates the integration of evidence-based Ayurvedic interventions into mainstream healthcare practices, thereby enhancing the quality of patient care and expanding the scope of Ayurveda within the broader medical landscape.</p> </li> </ol> Atreya Ayurveda Publications en-US Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM) 2321-1563 <p>The author(s) will retain copyright and permit the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that permits others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the author and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>The entire contents of the JAHM are protected under Indian and international copyrights. The Journal, however, allows free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute works in any online website for any non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also permits the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.</p> <p>In case of JAHM does not publish said work, the author(s) will be so notified and all rights assigned hereunder will be given back to the author(s).</p> <p>All accepted works should not be published anywhere without prior written permission from JAHM. The author(s) hereby declare that they are sole author(s) of the work, that all authors have contributed and agree with the content and conclusions of the work, that the work is original, and does not infringe upon any copyright, propriety, or personal right of any third party, and that no part of it nor any work has been submitted to another journal.</p> Comparative Analysis of Dry Market Sample of Acorus calamus Linn. Sample with Pharmacopoeial Standards https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1350 <p>A comparative analysis of market-available dry <em>Acorus calamus</em> Rhizome samples with pharmacopoeial standards provides valuable insights into the quality and authenticity of these products. The study revealed significant variations in morphological features among the market samples, highlighting the need for stringent quality control measures. The sample was identified as <em>Acorus calamus</em> Linn. While the drug meets API standards, it lacks a few features. Most of the samples are of irregular shape rather than cylindrical, and triangular, transverse leaf scars were absent. These observations suggest potential variations or discrepancies in the market-available samples compared to pharmacopoeial standards. Further investigations and quality control measures are essential to ensure the consistency and efficacy of <em>Acorus calamus</em> products in traditional and modern medicinal practices.</p> Priya Gupta Sonal Singh Kushwaha Suman Panwar Copyright (c) 2024 Priya Gupta, Sonal Singh Kushwaha, Suman Panwar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Anti-Oxidant and Anti-Cancerous properties of Phanera Vahli against PC-3- In Vitro https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1342 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Prostate cancer is the fastest-growing cancer in men, leading to mortality. Many medicinal practices are recommended for various cancers. Ayurveda and homeopathy are also contributing a lot. Plants with antioxidant properties are now being harvested by different solvents to withdraw different chemical compounds to cure prostate cancer. <strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of the current study was to examine the anti-cancer and antioxidant properties of aqueous extract of <em>Phanera vahli</em> (PV) flowers against PC-3 cancer cell lines. <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The total phenolic content of the extract was determined by using a folin-ciocalteu reagent. The DPPH, ABTS, and H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> assay were used to measure the free radical scavenging activity of the PV flower extract. The MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxic efficacy of the aqueous extract of the plant flowers against PC-3 at various concentrations. <strong>Results: </strong>Based on the result, the total phenolic content was present in the aqueous extract of PV flowers.&nbsp; <strong>Conclusion:</strong> According to the current study, PV flower extract significantly possesses antioxidant and anti-cancer properties against prostate cancer cell lines. This effect may be used in the future to the extract's ability for scavenging free radicals.</p> Lalit Mohan Sharma Neetu Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Lalit Mohan Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Bridelia scandens Wild.– An Pharmacognstic Overview https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1345 <p><strong>Abstract:</strong></p> <p>Pharmacognosy is the study of naturally occurring biological substances, principally those derived from plants that find use in medicine. The word 'pharmacognosy' is derived from the Greek 'pharmacon', 'a drug', and gignosco, 'to acquire a knowledge of'. As late as the beginning of the 20th century, the subject had developed mainly on the botanical side, being particularly concerned with the description and identification of drugs, both in the whole state and in powder, and with their history, commerce, collection, preparation and storage. The plant selected for the present study - <em>Bridelia scandens</em> Wild. of the family Euphorbiaceae, is yet another folklore medicinal plant which is widely used in some parts of Karnataka in treating the disease Amavata by the local tribal people and villagers.&nbsp; Here an attempt is made to validate plant pharmacognostically <em>Bridelia scandens</em> Wild. is a large, woody, evergreen, scandent shrub with pendant branches large defluxed spines abundantly seen in western ghats. Bark grey, hard, deeply fissured; leaves elliptic, obtuse entire, thinly curvaceous; flowers greenish yellow, in dense axillary heads arranged in paniculate leafy spikes; drupes ovoid, bluish black, succulent, smooth.</p> <p>Upper epidermis shows no stomata and lower epidermis shows mostly ranuculaceous stomata. Transverse section of the petiole is almost circular with a narrow groove at the upper side and wavy margin with plenty of non-glandular trichomes. T.S. of the leaf shows a dorsivertral outline; vascular bundles are circular and similar to that of dicot stem.</p> <p>&nbsp;Microscopic study of the leaf powder showed, trichomes, fragments of lower epidermis with stomata, sclerenchyma fibers, crystals, chloroplast, vein fragments, spiral vessels and orange-reddish to brown pigments&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Raghurama Bhatta U Ravi S Rao Rajani B P P Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Ravi S Rao https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Integrative Management of Severe Case of Anaemia (Pittaj Pandu) with Ayurveda and Contemporary Medicine - A Case Report https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1346 <p>Anemia is described as a reduction in the proportion of the red blood cells and Hemoglobin. Anemia is an extremely common disease&nbsp;affecting up to one-third of the global population. In many cases, it is asymptomatic and&nbsp;requires no management but, if it undiagnosed or left untreated for a prolonged period of time can lead to multiorgan failure and can even death. Anaemia in Ayurveda is corelated with <em>Pandu</em>. <em>Pandu Roga</em> is said to be <em>Rasa Pradoshaja. Vyadhi</em>. <em>Pandutha</em> means Pallor which is the characteristic feature of all five varieties of <em>Pandu Roga</em>. The general symptoms of <em>Pandu Roga</em> are <em>Pandutha</em> (Pallor), <em>Shrama</em> (Fatigue), <em>Shwasa</em> (Breathlessness), <em>Arohana Ayasa</em> (Exertional Dyspnea), <em>Hridrava</em> (Palpitations) etc. All these symptoms closely resembles with Anaemia. In this present case study, a 49 year male patient presented with the symptoms of <em>Pandu</em> and was treated successfully with the help of Ayurvedic Medications. The signs and symptoms along with Haemoglobin, MCV, MCH, MCHC, were assessed before and after treatment. There was significant improvement observed after the treatment.</p> Minal Belsare Copyright (c) 2024 Minal Belsare https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Lifestyle Modification for Prediabetes through Ayurvedic Interventions – A Case Study https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1347 <p>Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. Pre-diabetes is an asymptomatic condition, where blood sugar levels are elevated but are not high enough to be classified as T2DM and is considered a high-risk state for the development of diabetes. The estimated prevalence of prediabetes in India is 14 %. Early diagnosis and intervention with lifestyle modification can reduce the risk of Diabetes Mellitus. In the present case study 53 yrs. female patient with a raised blood sugar level and HbA1C is 6.4% which shows a prediabetic condition is treated with Ayurvedic medicine and Lifestyle modification. Diet and Yoga were advised. Ayurvedic Intervention reduces the elevated blood sugar level with an HbA1C value is 5.6% in 3 months. Lifestyle modification prevents the further progression of disease. Ayurvedic Interventions with lifestyle modification effectively control blood sugar levels in prediabetic conditions without any oral hypoglycaemic medication.</p> Harshada Ashtankar Copyright (c) 2024 Harshada Ashtankar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Management of hyposmia through Ayurveda - A case study https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1339 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Background:</strong> Hyposmia, a diminished sense of smell, can significantly impact one's quality of life. Despite its prevalence, it is often underestimated in large population studies. Various factors like chronic rhino-sinusitis and aging contribute to this condition.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This case study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Ayurvedic interventions, including Mukhabhyanga followed by Nasya therapy with Lasuna swara and Anu taila, along with Ekangveera rasa and Ksheerbala DS capsules, in managing hyposmia.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A 49-year-old male with a 4-month history of decreased sense of smell and loss of taste was treated with the aforementioned Ayurvedic interventions for seven days. Clinical examination, smell tests, and PEA test were conducted before and after treatment to assess olfactory function.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> After seven days of treatment, the patient showed significant improvement in olfactory function, as evidenced by the ability to detect odors in smell tests and reduced PEA detection threshold. No adverse effects were reported during or after treatment.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This case study suggests that Mukhabhyanga followed by Nasya therapy along with Ekangveera rasa and Ksheerbala DS capsules may effectively manage hyposmia. Further research with larger sample sizes is warranted to validate these findings and explore long-term outcomes. Ayurvedic interventions offer a promising approach for addressing olfactory disorders and improving quality of life in affected individuals.</p> Dr. Mohit . Dr. Rohan Mohan Das Dr. Suhas Kumar Shetty Dr. Suraj Kumbar Copyright (c) 2024 Dr. Mohit ., Dr. Rohan Mohan Das, Dr. Suhas Kumar Shetty, Dr. Suraj Kumbar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Therapeutic potential of culinary spices: applications, efficacy, and optimal dosage - A review https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1334 <p>Spices have long been used in the kitchen and have therapeutic properties. Ayurveda prescribes specific instructions for administering any medicine, such as an examination of <em>Prakriti </em>(individual constitution), <em>Agni</em> (digestive capacity), <em>Dosha</em> (individual humors)<sup>[1]</sup> ,and so on, as well as the cautious usage of certain medicines to guarantee optimal and safe use. In today's society, spices are used to stimulate the immune system, yet using spices as medicine inadvertently may have an unwanted effect on the body. This review attempts to objectively analyse the probable detrimental effects of medicinal plants used as spices and interpret the concern of Ayurveda in order to use these spices more effectively. According to the Spices Board of India, there are 52 spices classified, and 31 medicinal plants have been discovered for use as spices in Indian cuisine and home medicines beginning with 06 Nighantu.<sup>[14]</sup>Collected data was checked for reported adversities on several search engines, yielding 20 plants with indications of potential adverse effects. Furthermore, essential Ayurvedic principles were presented to help people use these spices more effectively, get the most out of them, and minimize any potential negative effects. This emphasizes the significance of using spices with caution and getting the opinion of an Ayurvedic physician before consuming them as medicine.</p> Prachi Ghodeswar Sumeeta S. Jain Copyright (c) 2024 Prachi Ghodeswar, Sumeeta S. Jain https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Ethno medicine and its relevance in present context from the perspective of Bridelia scandens Wild. https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1328 <p>Ethnobotany as a research field of science, has been widely used for the documentation of indigenous knowledge on the use of plants and for providing an inventory of useful plants from local flora. Plants are being used as a medicine to cure various disorders from the beginning of civilization. <em>Brideliascandens</em>Wild. belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae is distributed in India and other regions in the world. Different parts of B.scandens are traditionally used in treatment of various aliments Viz. joint pain, jaundice, malaria, herpes, allergies, inflammation, scabies, and dermatitis and so on. Further <em>B.scandens</em>Wild. has been investigated by researchers for its biological activities and therapeutic potentials such as antidiabetic, antioxidant, antibacterial, hepatoprotective activity. However extensive studies are yet to be carried out in order to prove the folklore usage of this plant. The present review focuses on folkloric and traditional uses, phytoconstituents, and pharmacological activities of <em>B.scandens</em>.</p> Raghurama Bhatta U Ravi S Rao Rajani B P P Sharma Copyright (c) 2024 Ravi S Rao, Raghurama Bhatta U, Rajani R, P P Sharma https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Effect of katakaphala eye drops on Digital eye strain- A pilot study https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1326 <p>The mandatory e-learning has emerged as a method for teaching during coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. That now has become the usual routine for additional knowledge source for students, who spend most of the time (4-5 hrs per day) attending e-classes or reading e books in front of a computer or mobile screens. These devices cause harm by emitting short high energy waves that makes an individual vulnerable to a variety of eye problems ranging from dry eye to age-related macular degeneration. It is collectively known as digital eye strain (DES). Katakaphala (strychnos potatorum) is an herb commonly used for ophthalmic conditions like irritation, pain, redness etc. This study was aimed to conduct survey on digital eye strain among BAMS students and to evaluate the effect of katakaphala eye drops on digital eye strain. The survey was conducted using a questionnaire and first 100 students with features of digital eye strain were included for the study. Detailed examination including visual acuity ad shirmers test was done for the enrolled subjects. Katakaphala eye drops was administered to the subjects 2drops in each eye, 4 times a day for 15 days. All parameters were documented on before treatment, at the end of treatment and on day of follow up (30<sup>th</sup> day). There was significant improvement in all parameters clinically and statistically except in redness of eye. By virtue of properties of the ingredients this katakapahala eye drops helped in relieving Headache, Eye strain &amp; Redness in digital eye strain and improved vision.</p> Gururaj Natikar Nazneen Copyright (c) 2024 Gururaj Natikar, Nazneen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4 Concept of Haemostasis by Acharya Sushruta vis-à-vis Raktasthambanopayas https://jahm.co.in/index.php/jahm/article/view/1351 <p>Dhatus are one among the basic constituents composing the body, These form the foundation to structure, support and sustain life. <em>Rakta </em>among them is responsible for the <em>utpatti, sthiti </em>and pralaya of the body. Rakta is corelated to blood which is merely a fluid connective tissue, however the utility of <em>Rakta Dhatu </em>is considerably more expansive than that of blood. The complications of bleeding can range anywhere from reduced tissue perfusion to death. Hence various techniques and methods of haemostasis have now been implemented. <em>Raktasthambhana </em>means to stop excess flow of <em>Rakta </em>because <em>Atyaadhika Raktasrava </em>may be life threatening. In Ayurveda <em>Chaturvida Raktastambhana Upayas </em>are explained. Certain <em>Vyadhis </em>as well as procedures have mentioned <em>rakta</em> <em>shrava</em> as a <em>laxana</em> or complication, <em>Acharya Sushruta </em>has also also mentioned the management of the same as well as various drugs and procedures which can be performed to arrest bleeding. The relevance of these techniques will be evaluated hereby.</p> Dr Anuja Kitturkar Dr Siddanagouda Patil Copyright (c) 2024 Dr Anuja Kitturkar, Dr Siddanagouda Patil https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2024-05-10 2024-05-10 12 4