A critical review on the effect of Sauna Bath on Cardiometabolic Health
Keywords:Sauna bath, cardiovascular diseases, cholesterol.
Introduction: Sauna bath is a passive thermotherapy, in which temperature exposures varies from 45 degree Celsius to 100 degree Celsius. Saunas are eliminative in nature. Intense short-term heat exposure increases the peripheral blood flow and thus helps in elimination of toxins. Sauna bath is usually used for the purpose of pleasure, wellness and relaxation but beyond its use for pleasure, it is associated with a reduction in the risk of vascular diseases such as high blood pressure and cardio vascular diseases, neuro cognitive diseases, non - vascular conditions such as pulmonary diseases, mental health disorders etc. Data Source: various interventional, observational, epidemiological and mechanist studies, related websites, literature and articles from MEDLINE, google scholar and PubMed were scrolled to collect data. Review Method: After scrolling various literatures, articles and trial works, all the health benefits of Sauna Bath and its working mechanism were assembled and complied for easy understanding. Results: Sauna bath being eliminative in nature provides beneficial effects on health especially on cardiovascular, respiratory, neuroendocrine and immune system. It stabilizes the autonomic nervous system, reduces blood pressure, inflammation, circulating bad cholesterol, arterial stiffness and vascular resistance and sauna bath is inexpensive and widely accessible. Conclusion: Regular sauna can be used as a lifestyle intervention for the enhancement of health and wellness, particularly in population that faces difficulty in exercising.
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